A urinary tract infection can affect any component of the urinary system, which encompasses the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. These infections tend to be more common in women than in men, but men can also be affected.

Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to your kidneys. In uncomplicated cases, it is simple to treat a urinary tract infection with prescribed medication. Symptoms can help a doctor determine the severity of the infection.

1. Burning Urination

The most common symptom of a urinary tract infection is a burning sensation during urination. Urine passes through the ureters on its road to expulsion. E. coli reside in the bowels but can be transferred from the anal area to the outer ureter during sex or wiping after a bowel movement.

2. Frequent Urination

People with urinary tract infections tend to need to go to the bathroom more frequently, usually because the infection renders the bladder incapable of emptying entirely. Frequent urination may be due to a blockage or inflammation infection or another medical condition. The strong urge to urinate more is a hallmark of urinary tract disease. In many cases, small amounts of urine pass through the body. The frequent urination is made more uncomfortable due to the burning sensation.

3. Back Pain

A distinctive symptom associated with urinary tract infections is pain in the lower back that can feel like muscular aches. As such, the individual may try over-the-counter pain relievers, but in the case of a UTI, these are unlikely to provide relief. Pain in the flanks may be a sign that infection has spread to the kidney, and prescription medications for the infection should ease this symptom. Rest, drinking plenty of fluids, and restricting movement may help reduce discomfort in the interim.

4. Abnormal Urine Quality

A urinary tract infection can change the properties of an infected person's urine. Firstly, with frequent urination, the quantity of urine may be reduced. Also, the urine may be cloudy for the duration of the infection. In rare cases, the fluid may contain visible pus or be darker in color due to the presence of blood. Blood in the urine could be a sign of a serious infection or other diseases affecting the urinary tract. Severe infection can cause complications including kidney damage.


5. Fever

When the upper urinary tract is infected, individuals tend to develop fever and chills. These signs and symptoms, being somewhat generic, often stand in the way of an accurate diagnosis. If a person is experiencing fever and chills as well as any other symptoms of a UTI, it is important they provide their doctor with a full list. Clear communication aids in proper diagnosis and the development of an effective treatment plan.